Details

Title

Simulation of the Evacuation of People in a Road Tunnel in the Event of Fire – Case Study

Journal title

Archives of Mining Sciences

Yearbook

2021

Volume

vol. 66

Numer

No 1

Affiliation

Schmidt-Polończyk, Natalia : AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland ; Burtan, Zbigniew : AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland ; Liszka, Piotr : AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland

Authors

Keywords

safety ; simulation ; evacuation ; road tunnels

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne

Coverage

13-28

Publisher

Committee of Mining PAS

Bibliography

[1] C . Caliendo, M.L. De Guglielmo, Accident rates in road tunnel and social costs evaluation. SIIV – 5th International Congress – Sustainability of Road tunnels Infrastructures. In Procedia – Social and Behavioural Sciences 53, 166- 177 (2012).
[2] A . Voeltzel, A. Dix, A comparative analysis of the Mont Blanc, Tauern and Gotthard tunnel fires. World Road Association (PIARC ) 324, 18-34 (2004).
[3] I . Maevski, Design Fires in Road Tunnels, A synthesis of Highway Practice. New York: Transportation Research Board NCHR P National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis 415. (2011).
[4] British Standard. The application of fire safety engineering principles to fire safety design of buildings. Human factors. Life safety strategies. Occupant evacuation, behaviour and condition, BSI. PD 7974-6:2004.
[5] E . Ronchi, P. Colonna, J. Capote, D. Alvear, N. Berloco, A. Cuesta, The evaluation of different evacuation models for assessing road tunnel safety analyses. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 30, 74-84 (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2012.02.008
[6] E . Ronchi, M. Kinsey, Evacuation models of the future: insights from an online survey of user’s experiences and needs. Advanced Research Workshop – Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations 145-155 (2011).
[7] N. Schmidt-Polończyk. Ocena możliwości stosowania wentylacji wzdłużnej w długich tunelach drogowych. Assessment of the possibility to apply longitudinal ventilation in long road tunnels. PhD thesis, AGH UST (2016).
[8] Road Tunnels: Operational Strategies for Emergency Ventilation. France: PIARC Committee on Road Tunnels (2011).
[9] M . Kinateder, P. Pauli, M. Müller, J. Krieger, F. Heimbecher, I. Rönnau, Human behaviour in severe tunnel accidents: Effects of information and behavioural training. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 17, 20-32 (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2012.09.001
[10] E . Ronchi, K. Fridolf, H. Frantzich, D. Nilsson, A.L. Walter, H. Modig, A tunnel evacuation experiment on movement speed and exit choice in smoke. Fire Safety Journal 97, 126-136 (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.06.002
[11] M . Seike, N. Kawabata, M. Hasegawa, Evacuation speed in full-scale darkened tunnel filled with smoke. Fire Safety Journal 91, 901-907, (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.04.034
[12] C. Casse, S. Caroly, Analysis of critical incidents in tunnels to improve learning from experience. Safety Science 116, 222-230 (2019), DOI : 10.17632/scrdwnzc7t.1
[13] K . Fridolf, E. Ronchi, D. Nilsson, H. Frantzich, The representation of evacuation movement in smoke-filled underground transportation systems. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 90, 28-41 (2019), doi: 10.1016/j. tust.2019.04.016
[14] J. Porzycki, N. Schmidt-Polończyk, J. Wąs, Pedestrian behavior during evacuation from road tunnel in smoke condition – Empirical results. PLOS ONE 13 (8), e0201732 (2019). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201732
[15] I. Donald, D. Canter, Intentionality and fatality during the King’s Cross underground fire. European Journal of Social Psychology 22 (3), 203-218 (1992).
[16] K . Fridolf, D. Nilsson, H. Frantzich, Fire Evacuation in Underground Transportation Systems: A Review of Accidents and Empirical Research. Fire Technology 49 (2), 451-475 (2013). doi: 10.1007/s10694-011-0217-x
[17] Thunderhead Engineering. Pathfinder 2014.2 Verification and Validation (2014).
[18] Thunderhead Engineering. Pathfinder 2016. User Manual (2016).
[19] P. Liszka, Ocena bezpieczeństwa ewakuacji w tunelu pod Luboniem Małym. Master’s Thesis, AGH University of Science and Technology (2018).
[20] P.G. Gipps, B. Marksjo, A microsimulation model for pedestrian flows. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 27, 95-105 (1985).
[21] M . Moussaïd, N. Perozo, S. Garnier, D. Helbing, G. Theraulaz, The Walking Behaviour of Pedestrian Social Groups and Its Impact on Crowd Dynamics. PLOS ONE. 5 (4), 1-7 (2010). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010047
[22] RABT : Forschungsgesellschaft fur Strassen-and Verkehrswesen, Richtlinien fuer Ausstattung und Betrieb von Strassentunneln (2006).

Date

2021.04.08

Type

Article

Identifier

DOI: 10.24425/ams.2021.136689

Source

Archives of Mining Sciences; 2021; vol. 66; No 1; 13-28
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