The paper analyses the influence of seasonal temperature variations on fatigue strength of flexible and semi-rigid pavement structures chosen for KR4 traffic flow category. The durability of pavement determined assuming a yearly equivalent temperature of 10˚C and assuming season-dependent equivalent temperatures was compared. Durability of pavement was determined with the use of Asphalt Institute Method and French Method. Finite Element Method was applied in order to obtain the strain and stress states by the means of ANSYS Mechanical software. Obtained results indicate a considerable drop in pavement durability if seasonal temperature variations are considered (up to 64% for flexible pavements and up to 80% for semi-rigid pavements). Durability obtained by the French Method presents lower dependence on the analysed aspect.
The need to modify conventional pavement rises due to high maintenance cost of the highway systems. With the continuously increased consumption, a large amount of waste glass materials is generated annually in the world. This paper aims to study the performance of pavement asphalt in which a fractional aggregate is replaced with crushed glass. In this paper, some important properties of asphalt mix, including stability, flow, specific gravity and air voids are investigated. The original sample is prepared without adding glass for different percentages of bitumen. Other samples are prepared by adding crushed glass to the mix with 5%, 10%, and 15% by aggregate weight. The results show that the properties of glass-asphalt mixture are improved in comparison with normal asphalt pavement. lt is concluded that the use of waste glass in asphalt pavement is desirable.
Traffic related noise is currently considered as an environmental pollution. Paper presents results of multidirectional study attempting to serve urban traffic without the need to erect noise barriers interfering urban space. Initial concept of the road expansion included construction of 1000 m of noise barriers dividing city space. Improvement in the acoustic conditions after construction completion is possible due to the applied noise protection measures: vehicle speed limit, smooth of traffic flow, use of road pavement of reduced noise emission and the technical improvement of the tramway.