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Abstract

The standard approach to the wave propagation in an inhomogeneous elastic layer leads to the displacement in a form of a product of a function of space and a harmonic function of time. This product represents the standing, and not the running wave. The part depending on the space variable is governed by the linear ordinary second order differential equation. In order to calculate the propagation speed in the present paper the inhomogeneous material is separated by a plane into two parts. Between the two inhomogeneous parts the virtual homogeneous elastic extra layer is added. The elasticity modulus and the mass density of the extra layer have the same values as the inhomogeneous material on the separation plane. In further calculations the extra layer is assumed to be infinitesimally thin. The virtual layer allows to decompose the motion into two waves: a wave running to the right and a wave running to the left. Energy conservation equation is derived.
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Abstract

Large elongation in one de?nite direction of a crystal of cubic symmetry is considered. The equations of second order elasticity theory are applied. In this approximation three constants of the second order and six constants of the third order characterize the crystal. The stress is a function of the elongation direction. The elongation directions for which the stress reaches an extreme value have been analyzed.
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Abstract

Detection of explosives vapors is an extremely difficult task. The sensitivity of currently constructed detectors is often insufficient. The paper presents a description of an explosive vapors concentrator that improves the detection limit of some explosives detectors. These detectors have been developed at the Institute of Optoelectronics. The concentrator is especially dedicated to operate with nitrogen oxide detectors. Preliminary measurements show that using the concentrator, the recorded amount of nitrogen dioxide released from a 0.5 ng sample of TNT increases by a factor of approx. 20. In the concentrator an induction heater is applied. Thanks to this and because of the miniaturization of the container with an adsorbing material (approx. 1 cm3), an extremely high rate of temperature growth is achieved (up to 500 °C within approx. 25 s). The concentration process is controlled by a microcontroller. Compact construction and battery power supply provide a possibility of using the concentrator as a portable device.
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