The paper contains the economic analysis of the carried out modernisation of the facilities of a water-park consisting in fitting solar collectors for heating of tap hot water and central heating system. The article presents the data showing investment outlays, operating costs and the calculations concerning the payback time.
The paper contains the technical analysis of the carried out modernisation of the facilities of a water-park consisting in fitting solar collectors for the heating of tap hot water and central heating system. The article includes information on the modernisation carried out with a particular emphasis on analysing the way in which the equipment has been selected and technical solutions employed.
This work is an analysis of construction and creation of a 3D model of a wind turbine blade in a CAD environment, using SOLIDWORKS on the basis of forces influencing the blade, which were determined using WIATRAK 1.1 software. The presented process is related to the issues of 3D modelling of a wind turbine blade and simulation of fabrication process in the CAM environment.
This work analyzes the process of construction and manufacturing of a blade used in a wind turbine. The calculation scheme is presented for forces generated on the blade of a wind turbine and parameters are determined of weather conditions in which the designed element would be working. Subsequently, for the chosen aerodynamic profile the characteristics are calculated of its aerodynamic coefficients, which enables the establishing of the angle of attack which impacts the yield of wind engines. The presented process is an introduction to 3D modelling of a wind turbine’s blade and simulation of its creation in a CAM environment.
The article analyses selected aspects of the technology and logistics used to modernise a coal-fired heating plant to switch to woodchips, which is illustrated with a specific investment. The study presents characteristics of the investment’s heat economy before the modernisation, as well as the assumptions and program of the project. Finally, selected effects of the modernisation have been described
The article focuses on selected aspects of the technical and economic analysis of the 0.8 MW agricultural biogas plant. The electrical power, generated in a cogeneration system, fed power to the neighbouring overhead power grid, Węgrów – Sokołów Podlaski, while the heat energy recovered from combustion gases and liquids cooling the engine was used to heat digesters, a residential building, drying room and farm buildings. The planned annual production equals c.a. 6400 MWh per year given the 8000 h of engine operation. The substrates used as input for the digestive chambers were as follows: fermented maize, pig slurry and liquid digestate pulp.
This paper shall present and explain the key aspects related to the issue of combined heat and power generation (CHP – Combined Heat and Power or Cogeneration). The cooperation with the water treatment plant launched allowed a closer look at the described technology as well as allowed the analyses and survey. The survey on the efficacy of the selected components of the cogeneration system was based on two cogeneration units fuelled with biogas produced in the sewage fermentation.
The article addresses the issues falling within the scope of the economic analysis of a detached building’s heating system with a direct evaporation ground source heat pump installation. The paper was elaborated based on the data made available by the investment’s contractor and the investor. The paper provides data on the investment expenditures and utility cost, calculations of the installation payback, internal return rate and the current net value.
The article describes selected issues falling within the scope of the technical analysis of a detached building’s heating system with a direct evaporation ground source heat pump installation. This paper covers the characteristics of modernized facility as well as calculations to determine the heat demand. What is more, the article describes the manner in which heat pumps shall be selected, its installation components as well as the receiving installation.