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Number of results: 30
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Abstract

This paper makes a contribution to food research and studies of mobility through analyzing food exchange in a translocal context. Furthermore, by focusing on Muslim women’s practices in the North Caucasus it also contributes to gender studies of post-socialism, which, for the most part, are based on the field material from the non-Muslim part of the Russian population. Anthropologists have viewed social changes through the lens of various food items or consumption patterns. I argue that adding a mobility aspect to the research centered on food can help us discover social changes and practices that may otherwise remain unnoticed. I will show that studying the dynamics of food circulation and human mobility may serve as a good starting point towards the broader study of societies. Thus, by taking people originating from the Shiri village in Daghestan as an example, I look into channels of food sharing to analyze the nature of reproduction of social relations within communities and the cultural entanglements created by the circulation of goods. Furthermore, the analysis of their vernacular practices reveals the existence of informal exchange networks, in particular the ones secured by and for women. Through these networks, food and favors are exchanged, and social bonds and feelings of obligation are created and preserved. Further analysis also reveals social changes connected with mountain abandonment, in particular the growing awareness of the weakening of tukhum (lineage) and village ties. These dynamics reflect recent changes in the Daghestani society that are connected with increased mobility and the processes of (re)islamization.
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Abstract

This article explores caring through feeding as an important aspect of transnational family life, and analyzes the practices connected to sending food products home, supervising what the family eats, and changing consumption patterns. It focuses on Filipino migrants to the United States who maintain transnational ties with their families. With a history of colonial encounter, the United States has been a popular migration destination, and has also strongly influenced food consumption. The study shows the ways in which packages from abroad (balikbayan boxes) express love and care, and how they allow migrants to control food consumption of the family in the country of origin. By looking at the goods the immigrants put in the packages, and the way these are received, it is possible to uncover the dynamics of love, care, and intimacy in transnational families, which often translate into power, tensions, and control among family-members. The article analyses how food products sent in the packages work, bringing with them new ideas and practices, creating imaginaries of migration, and building the social prestige of the immigrant. Using the concept of “social remittances”, the article also shows the changing patterns of food consumption in the Philippines.
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Abstract

The author states that there are in our vocabulary three, and only three, classes of semantic units: a) predicates, i.e. generic concepts – the result of our conceptualization of the world; they represent more than 90% of the vocabulary; b) operators of reference – a small, almost closed set bounding predicates to their concrete denotates; c) proper names, which are by defi nition referentially bound and are object of research of a specialized linguistic discipline. Thus, the main tasks of our grammar are (1) to defi ne and to describe the scope of the grammaticalization in the language in question and (2) to present the semantic classification of predicates, the description of their – bound and/or free – functioning in the text included.
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Abstract

The author defends the thesis that language is an attribute of a nation and as such it is offi cially protected by the international legal system irrespective of the number of its speakers; thus, there is no such phenomenon as a “little language”. Linguistic minorities speak their mother languages or some dialectal variants of those languages
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Abstract

The text is an overview of the first volume of the lexical atlas of the Russian folk dialects. It presents modern cartographic methods used in the volume and types of maps contained therein. In order to better present the volume, one exemplary map is analysed, indicating its advantages and drawbacks. In conclusion the richness of the Russian dialectal lexical material, which was precisely geographically located, is stressed. This is the biggest merit of the atlas.
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Abstract

The article discusses the book Zmiana perspektywy. Gawęda nie tylko językoznawcza [Change of perspective. More than a tale of linguistics] by Zuzanna Topolińska (Cracow 2015). The author of this text emphasizes that the word gawęda [tale] in the book’s subtitle is misleading, given that, despite the style of language used in the book, Topolińska discusses important issues of a linguistic and intercultural nature. In her short essays in the fi rst part of the book Topolińska addresses the organizational structure of philology studies in Poland and Macedonia, she confronts the Polish and Macedonian approach to the dialectgeneral language relationship, she talks about language standards, about the differences between politeness in Poland and Macedonia, as well as the attitude towards women and the outlook toward religion in both countries. In the second part of the book Topolińska takes up lexical issues, giving examples of how under the infl uence of spiritual culture certain words in Polish and Macedonian that derive from the same core have taken on a different meaning. The author of the article concludes that this short and very personal book by Topolińska fulfi lls its task and subsequently alters his view on the linguistic and non-linguistic world of the Slavs.
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Abstract

The jubilee volume “Slavica Wratislaviensia”, CLIX: Wyraz i zdanie w językach słowiańskich (8), is a collection of contributions by pupils, collegues, and friends, dedicated to Professor Jan Sokołowski slavist of Wroclaw University, on the occasion of his 70th birthday. The publication topics covered subjects connected with researches on word and sentence in Slavic languages, their description, comparative and contrastive studies, and translation. They take up important current topics, reliably and comprehensively analyze problems that have not been noticed before or have not been solved yet. Due to the selection of topics and high scientific level (most authors are renowned linguists) the volume should be considered as representative for contemporary Slavic linguistics.
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Abstract

This paper discusses the defi nitions of the glottal stop encountered in the literature. The term glottal stop appears in many works in the field of linguistics (or, more precisely, phonetics and phonology), phoniatrics, voice emission and speech therapy. However, this term may be understood in various ways. Generally speaking, in speech therapy, a glottal stop is defined, for example, as: 1. a form of phonation; 2. a type of pseudo articulation. In phonetics the term is referred to as: 1. a form of voicing initiation; 2. a type of articulation; 3. both the type of articulation and the type of phonation. In the light of the definitions quoted in this work, the answer to the question posed in the title of this paper is neither simple nor clear
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Abstract

The article deals with 8 etymologies of dialectal lexemes (along with their variant forms and derivatives) in three dialects of Croatian: drlo and drlog ‘mess, old things scattered’, krtog ‘lair; mess’, madvina (medvina) ‘lair, den’, mlađ / mlaj ‘silt’, sporak / sporǝk ‘hill, slope’, tušek ‘empty grain; undeveloped corn cob’, zavet i zavetje ‘sheltered place’, žužnja ‘leather shoelace; string; ribbon; belt’.
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Abstract

Launched in Cracow in 1908, Slavic Yearbook ~ Revue Slavistique is one of the oldest journals of Slavic linguistics in Europe. Volume 50 (1997) features a bibliography of the journal covering the years 1908–1997 and the bibliography presented above, covering the years 1998–2018, is its continuation. The bibliography includes the following sections: 1. The composition of Editorial Committees and Boards; 2. Articles, dissertations, notes and reports (in an alphabetical order according to the names of the authors in their original versions, all names written in Cyrillic have also their transliterated equivalents); 3. Reviews (in an alphabetical order according to the names of the authors, titles of reviewed works or titles of reviews); 4. Miscellany (obituaries, memoirs and editorial notes); 5. Name index including names of the authors of articles, notes, reports and reviews, authors and editors of reviewed books, and names mentioned in the titles of works included in the Bibliography. For the last 20 years 130 Polish and foreign authors have published their articles in Slavic Yearbook. The journal has published 165 articles and dissertations in various areas of Slavic linguistics, 110 reviews and write-ups (including comprehensive reviews discussing several works on related subjects and multi-authored monographs) and 16 memoirs and obituaries.
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Abstract

This article analyzes the common Slavic linguistic atlas maps (OLA). Assessing the preliminary results of the OLA project, the author focused her attention on the new linguistic geography data given in the Atlas, and the evolution of some units and Proto-Slavic dialect differentiation of Slavia.
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Abstract

The article offers an insight into the Slavonic contemporary etymological research and its new possibilities. Modern etymology has witnessed a seachange that can be referred to as a digital breakthrough. Thanks to the Internet and electronic media the etymologists today have easier access to historicallinguistic, dialectal and onomastic sources as well as to etymological dictionaries. They also better access to many monographs and studies. Moreover, today the etymologist has no problems making use of analogous materials published in foreign languages, the obtaining of which in the past had posed a major problem. This will clearly accelerate progress in etymological research, thereby opening up new vistas for etymology. We can research effectively the origins of dialectal and colloquial words as well as words no longer in use, a task which had earlier been very difficult.
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Abstract

The article deals with the question of linguistic interference among Slavic languages at the example of Choroszczynka, a bilingual village in Biała Podlaska County, Lublin Voivodeship. The presentation of two complete questionnaires for the Slavic Linguistic Atlas (OLA), Polish and Ukrainian, not only makes it possible to capture grammatical and lexical peculiarities of both sets assigned to individual dialects, but also reveals carelessness of the fi eldworkers who collected the data. This, in turn, contributed to such an interpretation of dialectal data presented in OLA maps which does not refl ect linguistic reality.
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Abstract

Two types of names for ‘Turkish delight’ are known in the Slavic languages: rahat-lokum ~ ratluk, and lokum. Even though most etymological dictionaries derive them from the same Arabo-Turkish etymon, their different structures are not discussed and the phonetic differences not explained. The aim of this paper is to establish the relative chronology of changes made to the original phrase, as well as to point out some problems which still remain more or less obscure.
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Abstract

Artykuł dotyczy migrantów z podlaskich wsi wyjeżdżających do dużych miast polskich w poszukiwaniu wykształcenia i pracy zwanych potocznie mianem „Słoiki”. Ta mobilność wywołuje również przemieszczanie się przedmiotów-jedzenia, które stają się mobilnym medium tożsamości lokalnej, reprodukując więzi z ludźmi pozostałymi w domu. Podtrzymują one również w sposób symboliczny więź i poczucie wspólnoty z rodziną i społecznością lokalną. Celem artykułu jest pokazanie roli jedzenia w określaniu tożsamości: jej idiomem jest jedzenie „swoje”: ze wsi, lokalne, rodzinne. Pytania badawcze dotyczą ich ambiwalentnej tożsamości jednostkowej, ale również regionalnej (lokalnej) badanej grupy, i tego jak jest ona konstruowana: z jednej strony budowana jest na różnicy w stosunku do ludzi z miasta, z drugiej zaś bazuje ona na silnym związku z wsią. Analiza opiera się na badaniach etnograficznych (obserwacji uczestniczącej, ok. 300 wywiadach pogłębionych) prowadzonych w społeczności Dąbrowy Białostockiej i jej okolicach w latach 2008–2013.
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Abstract

W tekście przyglądam się specyfice turystyki kulinarnej w południowo-meksykańskim stanie Oaxaca. Rozważam ją jako przestrzeń działania pozornie przeciwstawnych procesów związanych z (re)produkowaniem lokalnej i narodowej tożsamości kulturowej oraz z intensywną globalizacją. Współzależności te badam na etnograficznym przykładzie jednego z objazdów kulinarnych, w których uczestniczyłam w 2015 roku. Stanowił on część długotrwałych, wielostanowiskowych badań terenowych w Oaxace przeprowadzonych w latach 2011–2017, uzupełnionych interpretacją źródeł zastanych. Analizuję tortilla tour w szerszym kontekście jedzenio-obrazów (foodscapes), czyli przepływu pożywienia, ludzi i wyobrażeń na temat praktyk jedzeniowych (foodways) w transnarodowym społeczeństwie konsumpcyjnym. Przyglądam się także strategiom wytwarzania dziedzictwa kulinarnego na potrzeby turystyki kulturowej, która w założeniu ma prowadzić do stymulowania rozwoju społecznego i ekonomicznego wzrostu regionu.
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Abstract

Artykuł przedstawia odpowiedź na pytanie, czy współczesne zróżnicowanie postaw wobec edukacji odzwierciedla podziały zaborowe. Odwołując się do teorii długiego trwania instytucji Douglasa Northa, teorii zmian w systemach edukacyjnych Margaret Archer oraz teorii postaw Alberto Simpsera, przedstawione są argumenty łączące dzisiejsze postawy wobec edukacji ze sposobem wprowadzania instytucji nowoczesnego państwa w XIX wieku. W artykule przeanalizowano obecne postawy wobec edukacji na obszarze dawnej Galicji, porównano je z wynikami z Prus i zaboru rosyjskiego. Na podstawie badań oraz dostępnej literatury można stwierdzić wpływ wzoru wdrażania elementów państwowości na modele mentalne mieszkańców społeczności lokalnej. Przeanalizowano sposób budowania instytucji, oparty na poszanowaniu społeczności lokalnej, angażujący nauczycieli w działalność społeczną, który przekłada się na satysfakcję z działania instytucji, a także katalizuje zaufanie między mieszkańcami danego regionu. Analiza opiera się na badaniach ilościowych i jakościowych przeprowadzonych w trzech miastach znajdujących się na terenach dawnych zaborów oraz na reprezentatywnym badaniu rodziców uczniów.
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Abstract

W obliczu rewolucji technologii informatycznych badacze nauk społecznych mają przed sobą nie lada wyzwanie. Oto bowiem wraz ze zwiększającą się popularnością Internetu pojawiły się ogromne ilości danych zawierających opinie, poglądy i zainteresowania jego użytkowników. Chociaż analiza tych danych stawia przed badaczami poważne problemy metodologiczne, za ich użyciem przemawia fascynujący materiał powstający bez ingerencji badaczy. Dużą część tego materiału stanowią dane z najpopularniejszej na świecie wyszukiwarki Google. Co minutę jej użytkownicy ze wszystkich miejsc na świecie zadają ponad 3 miliony zapytań, które są następnie klasyfikowane i udostępniane za pomocą aktualizowanych na bieżąco narzędzi. W artykule tym omówione są próby adaptacji tych danych do potrzeb nauk społecznych, a także dotychczasowe badania na ten temat. Omówione są także praktyczne aspekty pracy z narzędziami Google’a: Google Trends oraz Google Keyword Planner. Artykuł jest przeznaczony przede wszystkim dla badaczy nauk społecznych zainteresowanych internetowymi źródłami Big Data oraz wykorzystaniem tych danych w pracy naukowej.
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Abstract

W artykule zdefiniowano lokalną politykę społeczną jako pole instytucjonalne. Obszar rozważań ograniczono do państw demokratycznych o zdecentralizowanym modelu rządów, implementujących zasady wielosektorowej polityki społecznej (welfare pluralism). Przedstawiono wymiary różnicujące pola instytucjonalne, zaczerpnięte z prac badawczych wykorzystujących perspektywę teoretyczną konflacji centralnych. Ponadto zaprezentowano główne korzyści i głosy krytyki związane z używaniem koncepcji pola do opisu mezospołecznych układów interakcyjnych.
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Abstract

The component of the cause for the emotional state of the person experiencing the emotion is built into the structure of the class of verba sentiendi. Most emotive verbs can be classed as P(x, q) predicates, where q is the position of the propositional argument in which the content qualifying the causal component is expressed. The syntactic characteristics of sentences (conjunctions, prepositions) often do not communicate unequivocally the causal function. This paper demonstrates the existence in languages of contextual syntactic conditions which foster the use of explicit exponents of causality (e.g., Pol. ponieważ / bo // z powodu; Bulg. защото / понеже // поради / заради / по повод), appearing in alteration with the exponents of cohesion typical of the given verb. Also brought to attention is the use in sentence structures of other lexical means serving a similar function, like Pol. wynikający / płynący; Bulg. причинен / предизвикан. In conclusion it is stated that the research which takes into account the semantic structure of the predicate allows for analyzing phenomena that are usually not included in descriptions of case government of verbs.
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Abstract

The author highly appreciates the fi rst issue of the third volume of the fundamental “Dictionary of folk stereotypes and symbols” (ed. prof. E. Bartminsky), dedicated to the symbolism of plants. This issue presents rich materials (language, folklore, ethnographic) related to cereals, which in the popular perception have a mythological interpretation, the daily bread is God’s gift, endowed with sacred significance.
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