TY - JOUR
N2 - Based on mathematical modeling and numerical simulations, applicativity of
various biofuels on high temperature fuel cell performance are presented.
Governing equations of high temperature fuel cell modeling are given.
Adequate simulators of both solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and molten
carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) have been done and described. Performance of
these fuel cells with different biofuels is shown. Some characteristics
are given and described. Advantages and disadvantages of various biofuels
from the system performance point of view are pointed out. An analysis of
various biofuels as potential fuels for SOFC and MCFC is presented. The
results are compared with both methane and hydrogen as the reference
fuels. The biofuels are characterized by both lower efficiency and lower
fuel utilization factors compared with methane. The presented results are
based on a 0D mathematical model in the design point calculation. The
governing equations of the model are also presented. Technical and
financial analysis of high temperature fuel cells (SOFC and MCFC) are
shown. High temperature fuel cells can be fed by biofuels like: biogas,
bioethanol, and biomethanol. Operational costs and possible incomes of
those installation types were estimated and analyzed. A comparison against
classic power generation units is shown. A basic indicator net present
value (NPV) for projects was estimated and commented.
JO - Archives of Thermodynamics
L1 - http://so.czasopisma.pan.pl/Content/94371/PDF/03_paper.pdf
L2 - http://so.czasopisma.pan.pl/Content/94371
PY - 2012
IS - No 4 December
EP - 65
KW - mathematical modeling
KW - Solid oxide fuel cell
KW - Molten carbonate fuel cell
KW - biofuels
A1 - Milewski, JarosÅ‚aw
A1 - Bujalski, Wojciech
A1 - Lewandowski, Janusz
PB - The Committee on Thermodynamics and Combustion of the Polish Academy of Sciences
JF - Archives of Thermodynamics
DA - 2011
T1 - Thermodynamic analysis of biofuels as fuels for high temperature fuel cells
SP - 41
UR - http://so.czasopisma.pan.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=94371
DOI - 10.2478/v10173-012-0027-7
ER -